Trout Fishing – What You Need to Know

Did you hear about the recent world record of trout fishing? It was Brook Trout weighing 6.57 kg (14 lbs. 8 oz.).

Awesome! Isn’t it? I know you are thrilled by the trout anglers.

After all, who doesn’t admire adventure?

Interestingly, we all thrive in a challenging task that requires tricks and tactics. Thus, fishing sport fishes are always exciting for us.

You might not know that apart from bass, panfish, and catfish, trout fishing is now one of the most popular sports amongst many countries. Especially in North America.

Now without messing with your excitement farther, I am gonna take you along on a short trip of trout fishing and everything you need to know today!

What is Trout Fishing?

Well, it’s pretty obvious that trout fishing is just like other sport fishing. Then what’s special in it? Trout fishing isn’t something new and revolutionary. It’s been practiced for many years by potential anglers. The most triggering part about that fish is it fights back while fishing.

Now we all love something daring. However, the good news is, you don’t need to strive or struggle a lot for getting a massive trout. Because our respected ancestors have decoded some amazing tricks and tactics to help the angler community.

Moreover, the perk of trout fishing is that it’s allowed in day camp or for family holidays or weekends. So, if you are expecting a summer vacation or a quick trip with your family then trout fishing can be the most adventurous holiday you’ll ever have.

Where to Find?

Trout often live in beautiful mountains. There are plentiful of trout and can be found any time. Happily, it can be a mouth-watering meal for your special Sunday brunch fare.

Luckily, trout can be found in any water resource where the water is cool and clean. Though now it seems quite difficult to find crystal clear water, still you’ll find cool and clean water in coastal areas or streaming shores, lakes and ponds. Even in the still water, trout can be found.

The second important thing you need to ensure is trout foods. Now, it’s obvious that these fishes will survive where they’ll get food to thrive in. Well, it should be minnows, crawfish or aquatic insects.

You can also find them around inlets. As lake water is supposed to meet the seawater along with more fishes and foods. Initially, the water gets cooler as well.

Thirdly, you require to make sure that the water body provides protection from a carnivore.

Note: It’s important to differentiate the trout habitats according to the water body type. There’s still water as in lakes and ponds. Also, you’ll find moving water as in streams and rivers.

However, their behavior and survival may vary, and fishing tricks, tactics, and fishing location also depend on the water body type.

How to Find Trout in Lakes & Ponds

You need to understand the nature of a lake trout because trout live in certain parts of the lake at certain times of the year. It depends on water temperature and the number of options that are available to them.

It’s safe to say that the most likely places of the lake for trout are the shoulder off zone, the shallow part of the lake and where it drops of the deep water. Also, the deep water zone.

If you are fishing in a perfectly designed lake, try to follow the shallow edges. Basically, you need to find out the combination where the shallow water and the deep water meets.

The shallow water zone right to the edge of the drop-off, where it drops into the deep water is extremely important. Because that’s where photosynthesis occurs and the energy from the sun penetrates to the bottom of the shoal area. Thus, it’s likely to produce food in that place which trout thrive in. Also, the middle of the lake is important during summer. You gotta follow different signs according to the season.

However, in the hot summer months, you can look out for trout at deeper waters. Because in hot days, trout search for cooler water and wander here and there for protection from predators.

Also, you can find them near aquatic vegetation, around rocks, stumps, and logs as well. Because these places are likely to bring cooler water, win, and food.

Tip: Spring and fall are the most appropriate season for fishing trout in lakes and ponds. Because throughout the season water remains cooler and fresh. Thus, trout become active and energetic. Mostly, they can fight and provide you with more sport and adventure.

How to Find Trout in River and Streams

Well, you might not know that trout originally belongs from river and streams. Yes, streams are their native home. However, did you know that they are afraid of moving water because of the current?

As we all know that streams produce current, trout tend to fear that while fetching for food. Thus, they hold on to one place, and their tendency to fighting decreases. Meantime, trout still opt for a place where they can rest from the current.

So, the most obvious places you’ll find them in rivers and streams are,

  1. Near the steeps, behind heavy rocks or any structure, slower pool, etc.
  2. Also, search where the water surface is patterned with riffles.
  3. When you see the rocks, you’re likely to notice foams moving to the left and right of the rock. And there’s an old saying called “follow the foam.” The foam is gonna show you where the current is moving, and it’s going to highlight the seam between faster and slower water AKA where the trout and other fishes going to hold.
  4. Notice the transition between slow water and fast water because that is where the fishes are going to hold.
  5. Try finding overhanging branches. Because these are always a good indicator that there could be some fish lying in.

When to Fish for Trout? – Dusk and Dawn

The perfect time for trout fishing is during the dusk and dawn time. Because it’s their feeding time. Thus, you have a great possibility to get a massive catch.

Trout Fishing Gears

  1. Rod & Reel

Undoubtedly, you’ll need rod and reel for fishing in streams, rivers or even in lakes. You can also use trout spinning rods and flying rods. If you intend to have a shorter catch, then you don’t need a larger rod. A 5-6 feet model tied with 4-6 pound monofilament rod can do the math for you.

However, many of us prefer to fly fishing as well. For fly fishing anglers a medium-sized spinning reel will be significant.  You can have Okuma Ceymar Lightweight Spinning Reel which will cost you only 100 bucks. All you need is a light-weighted reel for easy movement.

Initially using a sensitive rotor while winding might be a proper pick for your arsenal.

  1. Lines

You can carry extra fishing line along with your trout fishing journey. Especially when you are hoping for nymph fly fishing, keeping a line is very important. Because often the lines tend to come off your reel and get knots in your line while trout fishing.

  1. Tackle Box

Well, a tackle box includes baits, bobbers, plastic worms, teasers, live baits, hooks, etc. Interestingly, trout love colorful live baits and teasers. You might not know about teasers, but it’s now the most cherished bait for trout. It appears in many shapes and colors.

Two examples are grasshoppers and woolly buggers. These teasers actually keep twirling while you attach it with the hook. Thus, it provides more realistic visions to attract trout.

However, anglers believe in simplicity during trout fishing. So that you can go for salmon eggs and crumbs as baits.

For rainbow trout, you need to use ultra-light weighed tackle. Basically, a rainbow trout can grow up to 12 inches. So, it’s safe to use a light-weighted tackle, a spinning reel, a light-weighted rod and a line weighing 4-8lb.

  1. Lures

There’re some common lures available in angler’s shop such as Rapala floating minnow, critters, tubes, cranks, worm imitators, swimbaits, etc. The purpose of lures and baits are quite the same. It’s just for getting as many bites as possible.

  1. Landing Net

Finding out the appropriate size of the net for the core you’re chasing require lots of brain work. But here I am for narrowing down the complications.

You might wonder that handling your fish with your wet hands can be more convenient. But in my opinion, having control over your catch to safely disregard or take out from the hook is more important.

It doesn’t make sense to yank it out by having the fish in your hands in an unruly trend. However, a nice-sized fish requires an appropriately sized net. Make sure the landing net has that strength to carry the fish and while pulling it on it doesn’t torn-out. Also, it should go through deep water.

  1. Hemostat

If you don’t wanna mess up with your teeth for grasping and holding, then a hemostat will do the sum for you. Because trout habitually counter back with their sharp teeth and bony mouth when you hook them using your baits.

Therefore, the hemostat is a must to hold them without causing any harm.

  1. A Fishing Vest

Pack all your fishing essentials in your fishing vest to avoid missing out anything in the car. Initially, a fishing vest provides multiple compartments and space to stuff all of your tackles and gears.

Fly Fishing Trout- Take Your Adventure to the Next Level

Our ancestors loved fly fishing for trout more than anything. Because it requires a nugget full of skills and techniques. However, all you need to understand about fly fishing is to master the art of angling.

You are required to cast on tiny and light flies to imitate small insects prey stuff. However, you need to rely on the weight of the line. Also, it should thrust the artificial flies to the desired target.

Although fly fishing opts for persistent movement with the line. You need to pay attention to the motion and drifts. Such as casting motion, downstream drifts through mending lines, etc.

Personally, I don’t like bait fishing because it requires a lot of time and patience. Mostly you need to sit for hours hoping for your prey. Thus, fly fishing for trout can be a delight if you are a lazy lad like me.

The thrill of fly fishing is unbeatable. You can fool the experienced, witty trout though replicating the natural prey sources.

Trout Fishing Tricks and Tactics for Streams

Here are some tricks and trips for trout fishing in streams.

  • Make sure you have a thin line around the 6-pound test. A heavy line can ruin your game. Attach a green color teaser or live bait with the hook for alluring the trout. The green color is the most eye-dazzling color to attract sport fishes.
  • If you are fishing in streams, you better fish in the winter. However, in summer, the possibility of current reproduction increases due to constant waves. Therefore, trout tend to hide under heavy structures.
  • Stand firmly and cast out into a deep hole using spinner or spoon then tighten your line. Then just let your bait slowly flow down and coast down the stream. Meanwhile, the trout will pick it up, and you’ll start feeling some hits. As soon as you feel the hits, you just need to pull up on it. And that will set the hook.
  • Don’t pull it too hard because you will yank it right out of their mouth and that literally won’t be a good experience. Eventually, you’ll lose your fish.
  • Make sure you don’t drag your line harshly or too tight because they will break your line for sure. Also, remember that you can’t use heavy lines. Neither too loose, as it can’t be able to set the hook.
  • If you don’t get any hooks, then just simply cast back to another side. You can cast and reel in any slack line.
  • You can use bobbers to understand the bait drifts. Although drifting through power baits or artificial worms is also effective for preying trout hiding in the bottom.

Trout Fishing Tricks and Tactics for Lakes (still water)

Here are some tips for trout fishing in lakes:

  • Try to determine the time when trout start cruising in the lake water. Then take a bobber and attach any power bait, teasers, worms, or any kind of artificial bait stuff.

Now cast out the line and wait for the bobber to wiggle or jerk off. Or wait until you feel hits on your hands. After getting signals as in watching the bobber jerking off or wiggling, immediately pull out your line and enjoy your trout.

Tip: Try to hook the bobber above half to 3 feet.

  • Use spinners as it imitates the natural trout foods. You can cast out the line along with the spinner in deeper water. Afterward, wait for a while for sinking it down then start reeling. You need to keep in mind that trout is very picky and specific fish pieces. Thus, it’s more challenging than bass fishing.

Trout Fishing Nymphs

It requires a lot of practice and experience to improvise your fly-fishing strategies. However, grabbing nymphs can help you to aspire all the trout fishing tactics. You just need to master the ‘dead drift’ fly-fishing method.

Keeping the Fish

Sadly, we all freak out while catching fish and forget about keeping it properly. As a result, eventually, we get dead trout after we reach home. Thus, make sure you carry an ice stuffed bucket to stock them.

There’s another fact about keeping trout. It’s to catch it and then again put them back in the stream or the river.  For your kind information, every year, seven million trout get restocked in the water resources.

You might do trout fishing for sport or pleasure. Therefore, keeping it back can lift up the possibility of catching trout for other anglers. For this, you need to follow these methods,

  1. Try using barbless hooks.
  2. Don’t hold the trout for long.
  3. Be careful while detaching the lure or baits. As it might get hurt.
  4. You can use needle-nose pliers to detach the hook.

Fishing License

It’s really important to follow the rules and regulations of your state. Therefore, keeping a fishing license is a must-have. Otherwise, any legal charges can be applied to you for fishing on public property or private.

You can have it from the anglers community of your state or can get it online.

Check Out Our Other Articles about Trout Fishing:


Honestly, trout fishing can be as exciting as any sport in the world. So, it’s a must that you give it a try. I wish I could go more in-depth about the topic. But then I would have to write a short book.  So, for now, I believe it is a complete wrap up for you.

Let us know if this article was helpful enough and don’t forget to share your experience.

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